Now the other princes of the achaeans slept soundly the whole night through, but agamemnon son of atreus was troubled, so that he could get no rest. It does edit out the more graphic violence and some of the social customs of the ancient greeks that a modern denizen of the. Litcharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in the iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The myth of perseus where he had to slay medusa and free his mother from an. The most ancient poets, homer and hesiod, dont tell the story in its wholeness but from their poems it is clear that they they knew something about it. The trojans being safe within the walls, hector only stays to oppose achilles. The most ancient poets, homer and hesiod, dont tell the story in its wholeness but from their poems it. Aug 30, 2007 book xxii recounts the climax of the iliad. Spongebob squarepants is a yellow sponge that lives under the sea, he is an animated character on television.
Homer, iliad, book 22, line 289 perseus digital library. The death of hector, the iliad, lit2go edition, 1899, accessed august 14, 2019. He beheaded the gorgon medusa for polydectes and saved andromeda from. In some variations of the myth, medusa was born a monster like her sisters, described as girded with serpents, vibrating tongues, gnashing their teeth, having wings, brazen claws, and enormous teeth. The iliad, written sometime in the 8th century bce, is a tragic epic poem of more than 15,000 lines organised by scholars in alexandria into 24 books. Book 10 is thought a possible later addition on stylistic grounds, but it could also be a deliberate attempt at. Thus the trojans in the city, scared like fawns, wiped the sweat from off them and drank to quench their thirst. Perseus, athena and head of medusa, apulian redfigure krater c4th b. The trojans, having fled like a herd of frightened deer, now leant on the battlements around the city, drying the sweat from their bodies, and quenching their thirst, as the greeks approached the wall, their shields at the slope. This work is licensed under a creative commons attributionsharealike 3. The iliad is paired with something of a sequel, the odyssey, also attributed to homer.
Here is a new loeb classical library edition of homer s stirring heroic account of the trojan war and its passions. Jove is the head of the greek pantheon and ruler of the gods. This study guide consists of approximately 114 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of the iliad. It is in the context of this development that the gorgons, and medusa, will be discussed. Iliad book 22 cambridge greek and latin classics reprint by homer isbn. Eventually, apollo lets achilleus know that he duped him. Study 22 terms the myth of perseus flashcards quizlet. In the modern vulgate the standard accepted version, the iliad contains 15,693 lines. The myth of perseus and medusa, according to pindar and apollodorus, started with a quest. This adventurous, dramatic, and at times funny retelling of the perseus myth retains the spirit and structure of.
Priam is struck at his approach, and tries to persuade his son to reenter the town. It is like a dream, homer says, when your running brings you no closer to your prey, nor takes you farther from your terrorpursuer nicholson 202. Book 10 is thought a possible later addition on stylistic grounds, but it could also be a deliberate attempt at an intermission in the narrative. We get a little about perseus from homer in the iliad, his famous story of the trojan war, written in the 7th or 8th centuries bc.
Thus then did they fight as it were a flaming fire. The myth of perseus and medusa is one of the best thrillerlike tales in greek mythology with a promising plot that gets more complicated as the story progresses, this myth has a typical hollywoodlike scenario with the main character not being born yet at the moment when his destiny was determined. Jul, 2016 summary and analysis of book 22 of homer s iliad, with a focus on the duel between hector and achilles. May 28, 2010 in book 11 of the odyssey the gorgon is mentioned, not the name of medusa. Perseus took flight and made his way to okeanos oceanus, where he found the gorgones gorgons sleeping. Their names were stheno, euryale and the third was medousa medusa, the only mortal one. Homer builds parallels throughout the iliad in which an event in one group is mirrored in a scene of another group. Iliad, the loeb classical library 1 of 2 translations. In between occurs the fight between hektor and achilles. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Then, after defeating the monster, he marries andromeda and, at the wedding feast, he tells the story of how he defeated the gorgon medusa and took. Perhaps three generations before herakles heracles, the hero perseus was sent by the king of the island of seriphos, polydektes polydectes, to kill medusa and cut off her head.
It focuses on a quarrel between king agamemnon and the. Bringing together the essential passages and commentary about medusa, the medusa reader traces her through the ages, from classical times through the renaissance to the pop culture, art, and fashion. Achilles, one of the achaeans most valuable warriors, claims briseis. Homer, the presumed author of the iliad and the odyssey who flourished in the 9th or 8th century bc, spoke of a single gorgona monster of the underworld see homeric legend. As soon as their crime was discovered, the four had to escape from rhodes. He takes the head of medusa to the kings court and while the king is surprised that he survived his quest perseus pulled out the head of medusa. The sisters sthenno and euryale were immortal but the third, medusa, was mortal. These issues allow the fitzgerald translation as read by dan stevens to emerge as the best available combination of reader and translation of the iliad available on audible. Interestingly, homers odyssey associates medusa with. Print resources homers iliad and odyssey pathfinder. The iliad of homer popebook 22 wikisource, the free. Homer, iliad, book 22, line 1 perseus digital library.
Perseus and medusa summary conclusion he saves andromeda from the dreaded sea monsters and takes her to his homeland of serifos. There are three gorgons in greek mythology, the most famous of which is medusa, who is killed by perseus. Macareus fled to lesbos, candalus to cos, triopas to caria, and actis to egypt. The annenberg cpbproject provided support for entering this text. Augustus taber, 18661940, translator english translation iliad, the iliad of homer rendered into english prose for the use of those who cannot read the original. Written in an easytoread, accessible style by teachers with years of classroom experience, the book is a guide to the homer s iliad frequently studied in high school. Books iv and v of ovids metamorphoses include the version of perseus tale that had the. Perseus is one of the most famous heroes of greek mythology, he was the son of the argive princess danae. He was the son of the argive princess danae who was locked away in a bronze chamber by her father akrisios acrisius who lived in fear of a prophecy that he would one day be killed by her son. Mythology final homers iliad, apollodorus, clash of the.
Homer s epic poem the iliad tells the story of the trojan war and the epic heroes and gods, including achilles, hector, odysseus, athena, ares. He is known for killing medusa, saving princess andromeda and his mother. Terror, hatred and onslaught iliad, book 5, line 741. Perseus could safely cut off medusa s head without turning to stone by. Presenting ideas that spark imaginations, this books helps students to gain background knowledge on great literature useful for papers and exams. Homer, iliad book 21 theoi classical texts library. See the conflicts in book 1, first between mortals and then between the gods. The iliad book 6 summary and analysis the rugged pyrrhus. Homer, iliad, book 1, line 1 perseus digital library. This shows another depiction of medusa and how she is portrayed by different. In this version of the myth, achilles death therefore came in retribution for this sacrilege.
An xml version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer. Get a detailed summary and analysis of every chapter in the book from. Aug 20, 20 medusa was a formidable foe, since her hideous appearance was able to render any onlooker into stone. This lesson provides an overview of book 22 of homer s the iliad.
The gorgones heads were entwined with the horny scales of serpents, and they had big tusks. Surprisingly few ancient authors mention medusa and perseus although the story seems to have circulated from at least the beginning of seventh century bc. Perseus first sought out the sisters of the gorgons, the graiai gray sisters, who were gray from birth, shared one tooth and one eye between them later. These have been published in the loeb classical library for three quarters of a century, the greek text facing a faithful and literate prose translation by a. Marshalled together under their leaders, the trojans advanced with cries and clamour, a clamour like birds, cranes in the sky, flying from winters storm and unending rain, flowing towards the streams of ocean, bringing the clamour of death and destruction to pygmy tribes, bringing evil and strife at the break of day. Achilles is angered that apollo has prevented him from gaining more glory, and begins running. This story explores how the classical myth of medusa could have gone instead if medusa rescued andromeda and the two fell in love. An xml version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer perseus any modifications you make. The quarrel between achilles and agamemnon in book 1 of homer s iliad sets in motion a chain of events that will affect the tenth and final year of. Read the son of neptune heroes of olympus book by rick riordan available from. Priam sees him coming and cries out to hektor, who has stayed outside the walls to face the achaian warrior. First, the priest chryses comes to ask their leader, king agamemnon, to release his daughter, whom agamemnon was holding captive. In greek mythology, achilles or achilleus was a hero of the trojan war, the greatest of all the. Some of these myths relate that perseus was armed with a scythe from hermes and a mirror or a shield from athena.
He was, alongside cadmus and bellerophon, the greatest greek hero and slayer of monsters before the days of heracles. The eloquent and dramatic epic poem captures the terrible anger of achilles, the best of the achaeans, over a grave insult to his personal honor and relates its tragic result. Structurally, this book has three early appeals to hektor, begging him to come inside the walls of troy, balanced late in the book by three laments for hektors death. She says that she will focus on homers language and his narrative style in my own experience, she accomplishes a great deal more, bringing out meanings and connections that cast book 22 in an entirely fresh light and reveal this books close connections to the iliad as a whole. This is attributed to their jealousy of his skills at science. Check out our revolutionary sidebyside summary and analysis. Homer s epic poem the iliad tells the story of the trojan war and the epic heroes and gods, including achilles, hector, odysseus, athena, ares, paris. Can you recommend a book about the life of perseus. In greek mythology, perseus is the legendary founder of mycenae and of the perseid dynasty. The works attributed to homer include the two oldest and greatest european epic poems, the odyssey and the iliad. Additionally, he uses medusa s head to win the fight, which is a cowardly and dishonorable way to triumph since he does not give his individual combatants a chance to fight back met. The story of perseus and medusa, an interpretation of its.
However, it is medusa whose popularity far outstripped that of her sisters. This adventurous, dramatic, and at times funny retelling of the perseus myth retains the spirit and structure of the original while offering a comingofage story sure to appeal to modern readers. Read the son of neptune heroes of olympus book by rick riordan. As when fair junos lord flashes his lightning in token of great rain or hail or snow when the snowflakes whiten the ground, or again as a sign that he will open the wide jaws of hungry war, even so did agamemnon heave many a heavy sigh, for his. In book 7, the desires and actions of achaeans and trojans mirror each other in many ways. In the tenth year of the trojan war, tensions are running high among the achaians a superancient name for the ancient greeks. She says that she will focus on homer s language and his narrative style in my own experience, she accomplishes a great deal more, bringing out meanings and connections that cast book 22 in an entirely fresh light and reveal this book s close connections to the iliad as a whole. Lines 463465 standing over him, so theyd gloat and stab his body. Readers will follow perseus on his quest to kill th.
Fascinating and terrifying, the medusa story has long been a powerful signifier in culture with poets, feminists, anthropologists, psychoanalysts, political theorists, artists, writers, and others. Books iv and v of ovids metamorphoses include the version of perseus tale that had. Perseus approached medusa as she slept and beheaded her with eyes averted to avoid her. Names of important people, people, creatures, and gods in the myth of perseus. Chryseiss father, a man named chryses who serves as a priest of the god apollo, begs agamemnon to return. Summary and analysis of book 6 of homer s iliad, with a focus on hospitality. Achilles chases the man he believes to be agenor, but soon apollo reveals himself to achilles, taunting him for chasing a god. The iliad is one of the two great epics of homer, and is typically described as one of the greatest war stories of all time, but to say the iliad is a war story does not begin to describe the emotional sweep of its action and characters. Fresco of perseus and andromeda from the west wall of the triclinium of the house of. As you can see from these few lines of introduction to this book of homer s iliad, the god jove or zeus is very important. This is the first of many, many scenes like it in the iliad. Hesiod, a greek poet who was writing about 700 bc, makes a passing reference to perseus cutting off medusa s head in theogony. Iv, 177ff and in homers iliad book viii, 192 and odyssey book viii, 20, 7744. In this chapter, we finally see achilles and hector engage in battle, and things do not end well for hector.
Even though moments like this may seem repetitive and gross, they are important to the poem as a whole. Homer, the iliad baldassare tommaso peruzzi, crouching figure of atlas. Start studying mythology final homer s iliad, apollodorus, clash of the titans, vergils aeneid. The tale of perseus and the heros journey 1220 words. Perseus and medusa when you left perseus, he had just struck a bargain with andromedas parents king cepheus and queen cassiopeia, but now he has to battle the sea monster. In greek mythology, medusa was the most famous of the monster figures known as gorgons. I wanted an introduction to the iliad for my nineyearold son. Perseus was the son of danae and zeus, who came to danae in the form of a golden spring. Also, the iliad is 24 books long, and thats how many chapters a reading should contain, but this audio version is broken up randomly into 63 chapters. Mar 10, 2017 the iliad, written sometime in the 8th century bce, is a tragic epic poem of more than 15,000 lines organised by scholars in alexandria into 24 books.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In 1545 cosimo i commissioned cellini to sculpt perseus holding the head of. Along with the odyssey, the iliad is among the oldest extant works of western literature, and its written version is usually dated to around the 8th century bc. King polydectes sent perseus to kill medusa in hopes of getting him out of the way, while he pursued perseus s mother, danae. It was foretold to danaes father, acrisius the king of. Perseus and medusa summary by ryan maclennan on prezi. Homer, iliad book 22 theoi classical texts library. In late myths, medusa was the only one of the three gorgons who was not immortal. The translation sheets include the greek text in the left column and lined spaces in the right column for students to write out.
The iliad is set during the trojan war, the tenyear siege of the city of troy by a coalition of greek kingdoms. This link contains a free pdf copy of homer s iliad 6 and 22. He read through the comic a couple times so it served its purpose. Oct, 2017 the iliad book summary in under five minutes. To the contrary, in the iliad homer mentions achilles being wounded.1634 1607 1335 911 934 1024 279 78 1532 765 1492 1446 1174 617 834 1627 492 823 1102 1031 1617 1232 311 825 1005 658 983 562 1562 1183 263 791 814 1013 170 67 336 1362 912